An interesting and somewhat innovative concept, though there doesn't seem to be too much of an incentive to not just stand near the poles. Other than being slow...? But the game seems to spawn you next to the poles almost directly by the exit on quite a few levels. And since you are so slow trying to get out of the poles range is quite difficult. So it's mainly better to just wait for a shot to pass so you can use the cooldown to your advantage and get to the next screen.
Some sort of incentive to force you out of the poles and maybe less of a speed debuff would probably help there. Other than that an interesting idea, just a bit of execution is needed I think.