The main goal of the game is to try and work it out through both trial and error and the research system.
When you generate science using the research stations you earn unlocks. You can see when you earn these on the science panel. Once you earn an unlock click the button and it will give you access to the next gene in the genetics panel. Not only does that tell you what each code (0001 etc) means it lets you change the range of values possible.
Perhaps use everything you learn on a different map... At the main menu you have a choice from 3 check boxes, try starting a new game with a different one.
So I don't really want to tell you what they all mean... maybe you should say what you think they mean and maybe some other players might have some ideas as well.... I'd really like to see you all work it out together.
I hope that sounds fair and you understand where I'm coming from. I'm glad you like it, tell your friends :P ...
(BTW - I'm moving house at the moment which is why there haven't been any updates for a while)