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Oh I just thought of a real simple way to fix it. If "finish" text appears, then disable Q Key. I don't know a whole lot about programming (still a student) but that should solve the issue.

Figured since you're studying programming that seeing the solution I did might be interesting.
Here's a snippet from that code (C#)

Basically, I just have a bool set to true if the player has finished.
If they have, I just don't Allow the player to reset.
Your solution was a good idea, this does basically the same thing.
But instead of disabling the button I disable a part of the function.

        if (hasFinished == true)
            Invoke("SelectWinner", 0f);
            //Reset the timer
            if (Input.GetButtonDown("P1_ResetToStart") || Input.GetKeyDown(KeyCode.Q))
                currentTime = 0f;