Chrome is up to date and I think this won't change anything as the problem happens with executable which is just another chrome. I first thought that it is a problem with my graphics card which is quite old but it happened with all of my android phones. Thanks anyway and good luck with your project :)
Hey! I know why this happens. check this: https://www.browserleaks.com/webgl (search for "vertex shader" ), and I surely that your browser has this warning: "texImage2D: width or height out of range".
It's simple: in your browser WEBGL has a max value to generate texture and this game is above that.
Sorry if i didn't say clearly ( i'm not native speaker english)